Last updated: Nov. 18, 2019
Last updated November 19, 2020.
If you’re an employee and your employment is your main source of income, there’s a good chance you won’t have to make quarterly instalment payments since your employer is required to withhold payroll deductions.
But if you earn income that doesn’t have tax withheld on it, like self-employment, rental or investment income, or you made a capital gain in the past year, you might have to make instalment payments.
Instalments usually arise if the tax you owe in the previous year is more than $3,000 (before existing instalment payments).
By making quarterly payments, you’re paying your taxes throughout the year, instead of paying a lump sum by the April 30 filing deadline.
That way you’re paying your taxes like someone who has taxes withheld from their paycheque.
How do I know I have to pay tax by instalments?
The CRA will look at your prior-year tax return and send instalment reminders to you.
The reminder is based on prior returns. Your instalments will be due quarterly.
The due dates are usually: March 15, June 15, September 15 and December 15. Due to COVID-19, the CRA extended the June and September 15th deadlines to September 30th in 2020
The CRA will send you reminders when they’re due, but it’s still up to you to remember to pay them – otherwise you’ll face interest and penalties.
You can find the amount you owe and the reminders online in your CRA My Account.
If the instalment deadline falls on a weekend or holiday, the CRA considers it to be on time if it’s received by the next business day.
You can also choose to make pre-authorized payments.
You can pay online on CRA My Account, through your financial institution or send the CRA a cheque as long as it’s postmarked by the instalment deadline.
Featured Resource: Tax Preparation Toolkit for Small Business Owners
Instalment payments for farming and fishing
If your main source of self-employment income is from farming or fishing, you only make one instalment payment.
It’s due on December 31st if you owe more than $3,000 in tax.
You’ll receive an instalment reminder in November.
Since your tax instalments are determined by the balance you owe on your tax return from the prior year, if your finances change and you end up making more money throughout the year and owing more tax, you’ll still have to pay that amount by April 30th of the following year.
Even if your business is cyclical and your income fluctuates greatly throughout the year, you must meet your instalment obligations.
Make sure you have enough money in the bank to make those payments.
Featured Resource: Tax Preparation Toolkit for Farmers and Agricultural Producers
How do I calculate my instalment payments?
There are three methods you can use to calculate your instalment payments.
No-calculation option – If your income, deductions and credits are about the same from year to year, the CRA determines the amount of your instalment payments based on the information in your latest assessed tax return.
Prior-year option – If your 2020 income, deductions and credits will be similar to the prior-year amount, but different from 2018, you can determine the instalment payments based on your tax return for 2019.
Current-year option – If your 2020 income, deductions and credits will be different from those in 2019 and 2018, you can determine the payments based on the current year net tax owing.
Free Guide: Tax Preparation Toolkit
We know you’re dreading it, but it’s got to be done – and with a little preparation, you can fulfill your tax obligations without any stress.
Our simple, easy-to-understand toolkit will teach you how to get organized for tax season. Download your free tax preparation toolkit to learn what information and key documents you need to prepare so you’re ready for the tax filing deadline.
There’s even a printable checklist that lists all the documents you’ll need as a business owner, and tax write offs you shouldn’t miss out on. Get the prep out of the way so you can get back to running your business. Download your toolkit today.
If you’d like to learn more about how FBC can support your business, call us at 1-800-265-1002 or email email@example.com. Unlimited consultation related to tax matters is a key benefit of FBC Membership. You can also book an appointment online.