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Your Guide to 2024 Tax Dates, Rates and Numbers in Canada

Last updated: Apr. 29, 2024 

Filing a return that is accurate and on time is the best way to avoid tax penalties and over-payment.

With that in mind, below is a list of key dates and tax numbers to help you with your tax return.

Canada’s tax filing and payment deadlines

*If you are paying tax by instalments, please read more here

Canada’s tax brackets

In a marginal tax rate system like Canada’s, individual taxpayer income is divided into tax brackets. These brackets determine the rate of tax applied to the taxable income that falls within that range.

Oftentimes, people believe that if they move up a tax bracket, they’ll have to pay the higher rate on their entire income. In reality, the first dollar you earn will be taxed at the rate for the lowest tax bracket, and your last dollar earned will be taxed at the rate of the highest bracket for your total taxable income.

The taxable income you earn in between the lowest and your highest rate will be taxed at the appropriate rate(s) for that range.

Tax bracket thresholds

Every year, the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) indexes both income tax and benefit amounts to inflation using the Consumer Price Index.

For 2024, the indexation increase is 4.7%. As a result, the tax brackets for 2024 have been increased as per below:

Canada’s income tax rates

Personal and self-employed income tax rates

If you operate your business as a sole-proprietor or are self-employed, any income you earn through your business is taxed at the personal rate. For 2023, personal income is taxed as follows:

  • 15% on the first $55,867 of taxable income
  • 20.5% on taxable income over $55,867 up to $111,733
  • 26% on taxable income over $111,733 up to $173,205
  • 29% on taxable income over $173,205 up to $246,752
  • 33% on any taxable income over $246,752

For 2024 incorporated business tax rates, please read our blog

Basic personal amounts

The basic personal amount (BPA) is a non-refundable tax credit, available to all individual taxpayers which provides:

  • a full federal income tax reduction to individuals with taxable income below the BPA.
  • a partial federal income tax reduction to taxpayers with income over the BPA.

Key numbers for Canadians

Key numbers for Canadians 65 years and older

Key numbers for Canadians with children or dependents

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